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Table 1 Shoulder height, body proportions, and number of investigated specimens per domestic dog breed

From: Unaltered sequence of dental, skeletal, and sexual maturity in domestic dogs compared to the wolf

Dental maturity Skeletal maturity
Breed Shoulder height (cm) n Breed Shoulder height (cm) Body proportions n
Bernese mountain dog 58 – 70 16 Beagle 33 – 41 NCD 6
Boxer 53 – 63 5 Bernese mountain dog 58 – 70 NCD 28
Fox terrier 33 – 41 4 Chihuahua 15 – 23 NCD 5
French bulldog 30 8 Dachshund 20 – 27 CD 7
German shepherd 55 – 65 10 English bulldog 31 – 40 NCD 7
Golden retriever 51 – 61 6 Standard poodle 45 – 60 NCD 3
Great Dane 71 – 86 9     
Leonberger 65 – 80 5     
Newfoundland 63 – 74 8     
St. Bernard 65 – 90 6     
Standard poodle 45 – 60 4     
  1. CD chondrodystrophic, NCD non-chondrodystrophic, n number