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Table 1 Summary of muscle types in four cicada species examined in this study

From: The tymbal muscle of cicada has flight muscle-type sarcomeric architecture and protein expression

  Indirect flight muscles Direct flight muscles Body muscles
Species DLM DVM Bas Sub 3Ax Tym Ten Leg
Terpnosia vacua F/f f    b F/f   
Meimuna oparifera F/f f f f b F/f B/b b
Platypleura kaempferi F   F    F   
Graptopsaltria nigrofuscata F/f F/f F/f F/f b F/f b b
  1. F or f, flight muscle type (1:3 myofilament lattice and sampled 1st layer line, expression of flight muscle-specific troponin I isoform); B or b, body muscle type (1:5 or 1: 6 lattice and non-sampled 1st layer line, lack of flight muscle-specific troponin I isoform). Capital letters, evidence from X-ray diffraction; small letters, evidence from immunoblotting. Bas, basalar; Sub, subalar, Tym, tymbal, Ten, tensor