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Table 1 Effects of salinity transfer on the levels of plasma Na+, Cl, and osmolality in common teleost models

From: A sodium binding system alleviates acute salt stress during seawater acclimation in eels

Species (Common name)

Salinity Transfer (‰)

Time to reach maximum change in plasma (c.a. change from pre-transfer values)

References

  

Na+

Cl

Osmolality

 

Anguilla japonica (Japanese eel)

0 → 35‰

3 d (144 → 223 mM)

N/A

N/A

[14]

0 → 35‰

12 h (145 → 190 mM)

N/A

12 h (270 → 365 mOsm)

[15]

0 → 35‰

24 h (152 → 209 mM)

3 d (100 → 168 mM)

3 d (340 → 457 mOsm)

[16]

Anguilla anguilla (European eel)

FW → SW

2 d (153 → 210 mM)

2 d (83 → 165 mM)

N/A

[17]

Oryzias latipes (Japanese medaka, HdrR)

0 → 25‰

3 h (145 → 178 mM)

N/A

N/A

Present study

Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)

0 → 25‰

24 h (150 → 190 mM)

12 h (140 → 175 mM)

12 h (320 → 400 mOsm)

[55]

0 → 20‰

12 h (140 → 220 mM)

12 h (130 → 220 mM)

12 h (275 → 410 mOsm)

[56]

0 → 15‰

N/A

N/A

24 h (335 → 395 mOsm)

[57]

Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)

0 → 15‰

N/A

12 h (140 → 200 mM)

12 h (325 → 430 mOsm)

[58]

0 → 15‰

N/A

N/A

24 h (315 → 395 mOsm)

[57]

Gasterosteus aculeatus (Three-spined stickleback)

    

[13]

 anadromous

3.5 → 35‰

24 h (170 → 200 mM)

N/A

N/A

 

 stream-resident

3.5 → 35‰

a12 h (150 → 250 mM)

N/A

N/A

 

Salvelinus namaycush (Lake trout)

0 → 30‰

7 d (160 → 220 mM)

24 h (140 → 190 mM)

N/A

[1]

Salvelinus fontinalis (Brook trout)

0 → 30‰

24 h (150 → 220 mM)

24 h (130 → 200 mM)

N/A

[1]

Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)

0 → 30‰

24 h (150 → 160 mM)

N.S. (140 → 145 mM)

N/A

[1]

FW → SW

N/A

24 h (140 → 175 mM)

N/A

[59]

Fundulus heteroclitus (Killifish)

FW → SW

8 h (190 → 225 mM)

N/A

N/A

[60]

FW → SW

24 h (170 → 260 mM)

N/A

24 h (250 → 360 mOsm)

[61]

Carassius auratus (Goldfish)

0 → 34‰

a25 min (155 → 175 mM)

a25 min (104 → 144 mM)

a25 min (273 → 359 mOsm)

[12]

  1. N.S. No significance, N/A Not available
  2. aStenohaline species/strain died after the last sampling time points