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Table 1 Effects of salinity transfer on the levels of plasma Na+, Cl, and osmolality in common teleost models

From: A sodium binding system alleviates acute salt stress during seawater acclimation in eels

Species (Common name) Salinity Transfer (‰) Time to reach maximum change in plasma (c.a. change from pre-transfer values) References
   Na+ Cl Osmolality  
Anguilla japonica (Japanese eel) 0 → 35‰ 3 d (144 → 223 mM) N/A N/A [14]
0 → 35‰ 12 h (145 → 190 mM) N/A 12 h (270 → 365 mOsm) [15]
0 → 35‰ 24 h (152 → 209 mM) 3 d (100 → 168 mM) 3 d (340 → 457 mOsm) [16]
Anguilla anguilla (European eel) FW → SW 2 d (153 → 210 mM) 2 d (83 → 165 mM) N/A [17]
Oryzias latipes (Japanese medaka, HdrR) 0 → 25‰ 3 h (145 → 178 mM) N/A N/A Present study
Oreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) 0 → 25‰ 24 h (150 → 190 mM) 12 h (140 → 175 mM) 12 h (320 → 400 mOsm) [55]
0 → 20‰ 12 h (140 → 220 mM) 12 h (130 → 220 mM) 12 h (275 → 410 mOsm) [56]
0 → 15‰ N/A N/A 24 h (335 → 395 mOsm) [57]
Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) 0 → 15‰ N/A 12 h (140 → 200 mM) 12 h (325 → 430 mOsm) [58]
0 → 15‰ N/A N/A 24 h (315 → 395 mOsm) [57]
Gasterosteus aculeatus (Three-spined stickleback)      [13]
 anadromous 3.5 → 35‰ 24 h (170 → 200 mM) N/A N/A  
 stream-resident 3.5 → 35‰ a12 h (150 → 250 mM) N/A N/A  
Salvelinus namaycush (Lake trout) 0 → 30‰ 7 d (160 → 220 mM) 24 h (140 → 190 mM) N/A [1]
Salvelinus fontinalis (Brook trout) 0 → 30‰ 24 h (150 → 220 mM) 24 h (130 → 200 mM) N/A [1]
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon) 0 → 30‰ 24 h (150 → 160 mM) N.S. (140 → 145 mM) N/A [1]
FW → SW N/A 24 h (140 → 175 mM) N/A [59]
Fundulus heteroclitus (Killifish) FW → SW 8 h (190 → 225 mM) N/A N/A [60]
FW → SW 24 h (170 → 260 mM) N/A 24 h (250 → 360 mOsm) [61]
Carassius auratus (Goldfish) 0 → 34‰ a25 min (155 → 175 mM) a25 min (104 → 144 mM) a25 min (273 → 359 mOsm) [12]
  1. N.S. No significance, N/A Not available
  2. aStenohaline species/strain died after the last sampling time points