Skip to main content

Table 1 Paternal genetic diversity in various geographical populations of brown bears, based on 3.1-kb Y-chromosomal nucleotide sequences and six Y-linked microsatellite loci

From: Paternal phylogeographic structure of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) in northeastern Asia and the effect of male-mediated gene flow to insular populations

Population n H HD ± SD MPD ± SD GW ± SD
All brown bears 214 79 0.97 ± 0.01 4.08 ± 2.04
Northwest America (NW-A)a 10 6 0.84 ± 0.10 2.31 ± 1.38 0.92 ± 0.20
ABC Islands (ABC)a 11 5 0.82 ± 0.08 1.82 ± 1.13 0.93 ± 0.12
Canada (CAN)a 8 2 0.25 ± 0.18 0.75 ± 0.61 0.89 ± 0.19
Central Europe (C-EU)a 14 8 0.89 ± 0.06 2.68 ± 1.52 0.93 ± 0.15
Northern Europe (N-EU)a 11 5 0.78 ± 0.11 2.62 ± 1.51 0.94 ± 0.14
Western Asia (W-AS) 61 32 0.96 ± 0.01 3.59 ± 1.85 0.97 ± 0.08
East Asia (E-AS) 31 14 0.86 ± 0.05 2.60 ± 1.43 0.94 ± 0.16
Sakhalin (SH) 1 1 1.00 0.00
Tibet (TB) 1 1 1.00 0.00
Etorofu (ET) 10 2 0.36 ± 0.16 0.36 ± 0.38 1.00 ± 0.00
Kunashiri (KN) 1 1 1.00 0.00
Hokkaido (HK) 55 8 0.73 ± 0.05 1.23 ± 0.79 0.83 ± 0.14
 Central Hokkaido (C-HK) 30 8 0.76 ± 0.07 1.26 ± 0.82 0.83 ± 0.14
 Eastern Hokkaido (E-HK) 11 4 0.60 ± 0.15 0.85 ± 0.65 0.75 ± 0.35
 Southern Hokkaido (S-HK) 14 3 0.38 ± 0.15 0.41 ± 0.40 0.83 ± 0.24
  1. aCitations from Bidon et al. [34]
  2. n sample size, H number of haplotypes, HD haplotype diversity, MPD mean number of pairwise differences within population, GW modified Garza–Williamson index, SD standard deviation