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Table 2 Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) for Y-chromosomal polymorphisms in various geographical partitions

From: Paternal phylogeographic structure of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) in northeastern Asia and the effect of male-mediated gene flow to insular populations

Geographical partitions Sum of squares Variance components Percentage of variance (%)
(EU + ET), NA, and HK (NGroups = 3)
 Among groups 5290.74 38.71* 44.43
 Among population, within groups 2729.17 17.89* 20.54
 Within populations 6104.21 30.52* 35.03
EU, (NA + ET), and HK (NGroups = 3)
 Among groups 5212.04 34.79* 41.35
 Among population, within groups 2807.87 18.81* 22.36
 Within populations 6104.21 30.52* 36.28
EU, NA, and (HK + ET) (NGroups = 3)
 Among groups 3597.58 18.68 23.51
 Among population, within groups 4422.33 30.24* 38.06
 Within populations 6104.21 30.52* 38.42
[(EU + ET), NA], HK (NGroups = 2)
 Among groups 5122.78 57.32* 54.68
 Among population, within groups 2897.13 16.99* 16.21
 Within populations 6104.21 30.52* 29.12
Within (HK + ET) (NGroups = 1)
 Among populations 2256.75 49.72* 82.27
 Within populations 653.90 10.72 17.73
Within HK (NGroups = 1)
 Among populations 235.27 6.40* 33.95
 Within populations 647.50 12.45 66.05
  1. *P < 0.001
  2. EU Eurasian Continent (Central Europe, Northern Europe, Western Asia, Eastern Asia), NA North American Continent (Northwest America, ABC Islands, Canada), HK Hokkaido (Central Hokkaido, Eastern Hokkaido, Southern Hokkaido), ET Etorofu Island