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Table 3 Pairwise population differentiations (R ST ) for Y-chromosomal DNA markers among brown bear populations

From: Paternal phylogeographic structure of the brown bear (Ursus arctos) in northeastern Asia and the effect of male-mediated gene flow to insular populations

  NW-A ABC CAN C-EU N-EU W-AS E-AS ET C-HK E-HK S-HK
NW-A            
ABC −0.03           
CAN −0.08 0.05          
C-EU −0.004 0.11 −0.06         
N-EU 0.37* 0.41* 0.36* 0.26*        
W-AS 0.169* 0.25* 0.17* 0.14* 0.22*       
E-AS 0.19* 0.24* 0.18* 0.23* 0.43* 0.45*      
ET 0.73* 0.79* 0.86* 0.59* 0.85* 0.48* 0.18*     
C-HK 0.79* 0.77* 0.81* 0.80* 0.77* 0.72* 0.68* 0.92*    
E-HK 0.63* 0.59* 0.72* 0.64* 0.67* 0.53* 0.48* 0.89* 0.42*   
S-HK 0.89* 0.87* 0.93* 0.84* 0.86* 0.74* 0.65* 0.98* 0.04 0.58*  
  1. *P < 0.05