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Table 2 Natural and photoactivable fluorescent proteins and pigments

From: Sea as a color palette: the ecology and evolution of fluorescence

Gene orthologProtein classPhylum/OrganismλExc (nm)λEmi (nm)Reference
GFPGFPCnidaria, Hydrozoa395510[13]
DsRedGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa558583[14]
cFP484GFPCnidaria, Anthozoa456484[14]
zFP538GFPCnidaria, Anthozoa528538[14]
ZsGreenGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa496506[14]
asulCPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa572595[15]
cgigGFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa399496[15]
hcriGFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa405500[15]
dis3GFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa503512[15]
dendFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa492–557508–575[15]
mcavGFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa506516[15]
mcavRFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa508580[15]
rfloGFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa508518[15]
rfloRFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa566574[15]
scubGFP1GFPCnidaria, Anthozoa497506[15]
zoan2RFPGFPCnidaria, Anthozoa552576[15]
asCP562GFPCnidaria, Anthozoa562595[16]
KaedePAFPCnidaria, Anthozoa508–572518–580[17]
DendraPAFPCnidaria, Anthozoa488–556505–575[18]
DronpaPAFPCnidaria, Anthozoa503518[19]
pmeaGFP1GFPArthropoda, Copepoda489504[20]
GFPa1GFPChordata, Cephalochordata497516[21]
UnaGFatty Acid bindingVertebrata, Teleostea500527[22]
SandercyaninLipocalinVertebrata, Teleostea375630[23]
SmURFPPhycobiliproteinCyanobacteria642670[24]
Pigment namePigment typePhylum/OrganismλExc(nm)λEmi(nm)Reference
CrustacyaninCarotenoidArthropoda Malacostraca530580[25]
β-carbolineTryptophan derivativeArthropoda Aracnida360–370445–490[26]
PsittacofulvinNon-carotenoidChordata AvesN/AN/A[27]
SpheniscinsPterins-likeChordata AvesUVN/A[28]
SepiapterinPteridinChordata ActinopterygiiUV450–490[29]
PorphyrinPorphyrinMollusca GastropodUV625[30]
HyloinDihydroisoquinolinoneChordata Amphibia390–430450–470[31]
BetaxanthinsBetalainsPlantae caryophyllales463–474509–512[32]
  1. Fluorescent molecules, their taxonomic distribution, excitation/emission wavelengths, and the original scientific reference. Fluorescent proteins belong to three different classes: GFPs, fatty acid binding proteins, and lipocalins. Various pigments can also participate in the process of fluorescence