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Table 5 Results of PERMANOVA and post hoc pairwise PERMANOVA comparisons for the first two principal components (PCs) of egg measurements; significant post hoc p-values at the α-level of p<0.040 (i.e., adjusted with the Benjamini-Hochberg correction) are in bold

From: Integrative taxonomy resolves species identities within the Macrobiotus pallarii complex (Eutardigrada: Macrobiotidae)

Term df SS F R2 p
Species 4 272.16 25.097 0.44 <0.001
Residuals 125 338.88   0.55  
Total 129 611.03   1.00  
Post hoc comparisons
M. pallarii vs M. pseudopallarii sp. nov. 1 59.32 18.54 0.32 <0.001
M. pallarii vs M. margoae sp. nov. 1 91.88 43.88 0.54 <0.001
M. ripperi sp. nov. vs M. pseudopallarii sp. nov. 1 61.02 20.61 0.18 <0.001
M. ripperi sp. nov. vs M. margoae sp. nov. 1 119.54 47.97 0.35 <0.001
M. pallarii vs M. ripperi sp. nov. 1 18.26 7.42 0.09 0.002
M. caymanensis vs M. pseudopallarii sp. nov. 1 22.38 6.08 0.16 0.007
M. caymanensis vs M. margoae sp. nov. 1 11.20 4.88 0.14 0.015
M. caymanensis vs M. pallarii 1 3.74 2.16 0.17 0.115
M. caymanensis vs M. ripperi sp. nov. 1 5.65 2.17 0.03 0.114
M. pseudopallarii sp. nov. vs M. margoae sp. nov. 1 3.74 2.16 0.17 <0.001