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Table 1 Proposed functions of GnRH-expressing neurons in literature

From: Multiple functions of non-hypophysiotropic gonadotropin releasing hormone neurons in vertebrates

Neuron type



Terminal nerve



Female sexual behavior


Male sexual behavior

[56, 59]

Midbrain tegmentum

Food intake


Reproductive energy balance


Ganglion cells of the trigeminal nerve

Nociception/ Proprioception/Mechanoreception


CO2 sensor


Sympathetic preganglionic cells in the spinal cord

Interaction between vasomotor and exocrine outflow in the sympathetic nervous system