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Table 1 Traits that have been measured and/or invoked to explain resistance

From: Correction to: Natural selection, selective breeding, and the evolution of resistance of honeybees (Apis mellifera) against Varroa

PopulationsA. scutellata & A. capensisAfricanized bees in South AmericaArnot Forest, New YorkPrimorskyGotland Sweden
Traits
Hygienic BehaviouryesyesNo evidenceyesno
VSHyesyesyesyesno
Groomingyesyesyesyesno
Non-reproductionyesyesNo evidenceyesyes
Shorter Developmental timeyesyesnonono
Virus tolerance or resistancepossiblypossiblyPossibly, No evidencenoYes
Life-history & spatial distribution of coloniesnonoyesyesno